I once created a cooking class, called 'Zen in the Kitchen'. Then wrote a book called the same. Then started the group with that name and the blog came after. All this happened in Turkish. Now is the time for the English version of it. Let's see what will cook here!

Saturday, January 28, 2006

Wild greens of Turkey and the "simit" trio

I once wrote an article called 'Onion to your left and garlic to your right'which
was published in a book. In Turkey, some people cannot differ left and right easily. Left is 'sol' and right is 'sag' in Turkish. Onion is 'sogan' and garlic is 'sarimsak' so we say, 'soluna sogan, sagina sarimsak' to remember it easily. (I hope this doesn't sound unnecessary information to you but I find it funny and that's why I used it as the heading of the article.)

In that article, I listed some of the superstition related to garlic. For example in the very old times, it's used to keep the devils and bad spirits away from the houses. It's still used in some Anatolian villages. In another belief, genies (or bad spirits) give lots of golden money and jewellery to the people whom they
want to cheat and when the power of sorcery is over, it's believed that the money and the jewellery would turn into onions and garlic. In one other belief, it's believed that if you rub garlic or onion under your shoes on new years eve, neither snakes nor scorpions may harm you.

I wrote this paragraph to a group this morning. Then I decided to continue from here for the new update. At the beginning, I thought I could write more often but as time goes by, I realized that it takes more time and effort than writing in my own language. So each time I sat on my chair to write something in English, I found myself doing other things rather than writing for my English blog. I actually even found topics to write about. One was ‘simit’ (the round, crispy bread with lots of sesame seeds) which is one of the ‘staple’ foods (really!) for Turks. Simit-kasar-çay is like Daltons for us. You cannot seperate one from the other. Simit, I told about. You can see ‘simitçi’ (simit seller) on Istanbul streets. It can be eaten at any hour. For breakfast, for lunch, for afternoon tea, even for dinner! Kasar is our wonderful cheese which is somehow like gruyer or cheddar cheese but it’s different. Let me give you the explanation from Suzanne Swan’s wonderful book, The Treasury of Turkish Cheeses (Boyut Publishing, Istanbul, Turkey, 2004): “This is Turkey’s best-known and most popular cheese. It resembles a mild or medium Cheddar and they both have the same pale yellow colour and texture and gain their unique flavour after being left on shelves to mature over several months. Eski (Old) Kasar, produced in wheel-shaped moulds, mostly around Van and Kars. The cheese seller cuts off as much as you require.” Çay is of course, our beloved tea which can be drunk at an hour of the day, with or after the meals but especially for breakfast. In summer, tomatoes are wonderful additions for this trio.

Yes, this was one of the subjects but I actually wanted to talk about the wonderful wild greens of Turkey. There is so much to tell about them. For my book A Tale of Wild Greens I researched on over 50 of them but if you go deeper and on regional scale, you can find easily over 200 edible greens.

Sometimes shoots are eaten, sometimes roots or leaves. You can either boil them and eat as a salad or fry or saute with onions and some other ingredients. Cooking the greens with bulghur (or rice) is another way of using them. You’ll see an example for this dish at the end of this post. Böreks are also special for Turks. So wild greens are used in many regions and in many different börek (phyllo dough dishes) recipes. You can add them in breads, cook with grains or legumes... There are so many ways of cooking them.

What are the most popular greens of Turkey? As I said there are so many of them but here I’ll name few of them: hodan (borage, borago officinalis), kusotu (chickweed, stellaria media), arapsaçi (wild fennel, foeniculum vulgare), yemlik (goat’s beard, tragopogon spp), kenger (milk thistle, onopordum or scolymus spp), madimak (polygonum cognatum), ebegümeci (mallow, malva silvestris), turpotu (white mustard, sinapis alba), tilkisen (wild asparagus, asparagus acutifolius), isirgan (nettle, urtica dioica), gelincik (poppy, papaver rhoeas), kuskus otu (shepherd’s purse, capsella bursa-pastoris), kuzukulagi (sorrel, rumex acetosa), hindiba (taraxacum officinale), köremen (wild garlic, allium spp)... These are only the few of a wide variety of greens. We also use oregano, thyme, sage, marjoram, laurel leaves both in cooking and to make herbal teas. They’re and so many other wild herbs and aromatic plants are used for healing too.

Since I cannot mention all of the uses and names, I wanted to keep it simple and give you an idea of what can be done with them. In A Tale of Wild Greens, I gave 153 recipes for how to use them creatively. As I said above, you can cook them in so many ways. Soups, starters, omelettes, main meals, breads, pastries, beverages and some alcoholic drinks, even sweets, pickles... What you need to do is to use your creativity. You can ask me for local uses of them if you wish. Here is the bulghur recipe with wild greens. You can use nettle, chickweed, wild fennel, goat’s beard, mallow, plantain as well as spinach, kale or chard or a combination of greens for this recipe:

Bulghur rice with wild greens (4-6 servings)

A big bunch of (approx a pound or half kilo) wild greens
2-3 leeks, cut in thin rounds
2 onions, cut in small pieces
1 ½ cups of bulghur*
3 cups of boiled water
3-4 tablespoons of olive oil or a tablespoon of butter
salt, pepper and red pepper

Heat oil in a pot, add onions and leeks. Saute them for 10 minutes on medium heat stirring once in a while. Add cleaned, washed and cut greens and cook for few more minutes. Then add washed and rinsed bulghur, hot water, salt, pepper and red pepper and cover the pot. Lower heat to very low and cook until all the water is evaporated. You can serve this meal with yoghurt or ayran** or with meats.
* You can find bulghur on health food stores or stores where Turkish or Middle Eastern ingredients are sold.
** Ayran is a summer drink which we love. It’s made with yoghurt, water and a bit of salt. All you need to do is to beat the ingredients until it becomes foamy. It’s preferred cold.


Anonymous said...

Wonderful article Tijen. I love the color combination of the first dish with potatoes, radishes and something green (spinach?). Looks like something I'd want to try. Unfortunately borek making is not thriving over here. I miss fresh yufka.

Tijen said...

the greens are wild radish. I love the taste and texture of it and use a lot. try it dear! I'll give you the recipe when you need it.

yuvakuran said...

how do we know that these recipes are good? these are all virtual recipes. we need to taste all these food, the writer shopuld disclose where she can prepare these for those interested parties, in an mercant restaurant or in a posh hotel environment.

Michelle said...

This article was very informative - I just found a local man in my town who gives classes on edible wild foods and I recognize several of the varieties of wild greens that you mentioned! I really want to take one of his classes and I will have to try this recipe once I do! The cheese also sounds amazing... I would really love to be sitting in that sunshine next to the water with you...it's been raining here for months non-stop!

Anonymous said...

it'd be lovely really to have people from other cultures come and enjoy turkey with its special tastes. I believe one of the best places to know a country is it's market places that's where I enjoy the most. If you have questions about greens, I'll be happy to help.
dear haluk,
I told you, you have a kitchen at your home. you try it yourself and find out if they're good or bad. Isn't that the best solution?

Anonymous said...

Hi, I stumbled on to your blog today. I am excited to read more about Turkish food. When I was in Istanbul I tried to eat manti everyday and I would love to try and make it at home. Perhaps you could post a recipe and instructions?


Anonymous said...

I'll do my best Susan. Thanks for stopping by!

Anonymous said...

Hi Tijen!
It's a big surprise! I found your blog by hitting a link called 'zen in the kitchen' on Kalyn's Kitchen (my favourite blog nowadays) And it's you! Blogworld is a small place, isn't it? :)

I loved your site in English, it must be a really hard work to keep both English and Turkish blogs updated, though. Good luck to you my friend.

A little info at the end; They sell the bulghur in Europe under the name of 'bulgar wheat' or couscous wheat/couscous rice.


Anonymous said...

thank you dear nesteren,
yes it's a small world. thanks for the info on bulghur.
kalyn and I gave each other links. I wanted to be a part of her blog event but I came to Istanbul and don't cook much when I'm here.
yes it definitely is difficult to update the english blog. writing in turkish is too easy but in english, I have to think about it..
anyways, it's a good practice. I should see it from this perspective.
lots of love to malta!

Anonymous said...

One day, i will move to Turkey, just for Turkish tea and sesame seed bagel( simit). I miss turkey so much, thanks for all info , felt like i was tere..

Anonymous said...

Merhaba Tijen, siten olduğunu yeni öğrendim gerçekten harika, yeni yazılarını, tariflerini dört gözle beklerim. Eline sağlık! Görüşmek üzere.

Anonymous said...

Hello Tijen
I just wanted to say that I loved your little garlic and onion story!